Beans (bush and pole) are a tender vegetable that grow best in warm weather.
Beans do not transplant well. Plant bean seeds directly in the garden during the week of the last frost.
Pole beans should be planted all at once with 8 per square. They take slightly longer to mature, but then continue producing beans throughout the summer.
Bush beans are planted 9 per square. After maturing they will produce beans for 2-3 weeks, and then they can be pulled up. Extend the harvest of bush beans by planting one or two squares every 2 weeks.
Pole beans will continue to produce until freezes in the fall kill the plant. Bush beans can be planted throughout the summer and be harvested during the fall until frost kills them.
Soil and Fertilizer
Beans grow best in a rich soil that drains well; amend with lots of compost and fertilizer (chemical or organic) at planting.
Fertilizer: Apply 16-16-8 at planting. If desired, apply a fertilizer low in nitrogen once or twice during the season. I like to use this Fertilome Blooming and Rooting (9-59-8), it really seems to promote flowering and fruiting of the plant.
Pole beans will do best with a trellis. Bush beans do not require support, though if they are taking up too much space you can use string to loosely tie them together.
Harvest bush and pole beans when they are small and tender, before the seeds start to mature and swell. Picking beans encourages production, so be sure to harvest regularly.
- Beans Reference Sheet (Utah Extension Service)
- Another Beans Reference Sheet (Utah Extension Service)